Alice McLellan Birney (October 19, 1858 – December 20, 1907) was an American educator. After briefly attending Mount Holyoke College, she worked as a schoolteacher, an advertiser, and a social worker. After her first husband, Alonzo J. White, Jr., died in 1880, she married Theodore Weld Birney (a grandson of James G. Birney) in 1892. She (along with Phoebe Hearst) was one of the founders of the National Parent-Teacher Association in 1897. Birney served as the president of the PTA for its first five years. Birney also wrote widely on the topic of child-rearing, including the 1905 book Childhood. Because of her efforts, a number of elementary schools throughout the United States have been named in her honor. Birney died of cancer at Chevy Chase, Maryland, in 1907.