Cesare Borgia (13 September 1475 or April 1476 – 12 March 1507), Duke of Valentinois, was an Italian condottiero, nobleman, politician, and cardinal. He was the son of Pope Alexander VI of Spain and his long-term mistress Vannozza dei Cattanei. He was the brother of Lucrezia Borgia; Giovanni Borgia (Juan), Duke of Gandia; and Gioffre Borgia (Jofré in Valencian), Prince of Squillace. He was half-brother to Don Pedro Luis de Borja (1460–1488) and Girolama de Borja, children of unknown mothers.
Bereket Habte Selassie is a leading scholar on African law and government. He is William E. Leuchtenburg Professor of African and Afro-American Studies at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and he also instructs at the University of North Carolina School of Law. Dr. Selassie is an activist for reform in Eritrea and a supporter of pan-Africanism.
Pope Martin V (c. 1368 – February 20, 1431), born Odo (or Oddone) Colonna, was Pope from 1417 to 1431. His election effectively ended the Western Schism (1378–1417).
Pope Pius III (May 29, 1439 – October 18, 1503), born Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini, was Pope from September 22 to October 18, 1503.
Pope Paul V (Rome, 17 September 1552 – 28 January 1621), born Camillo Borghese, was Pope from 16 May 1605 until his death.
Pope Gregory XI (c. 1329 – March 27, 1378), born Pierre Roger de Beaufort, in Maumont, in the modern commune of Rosiers-d'Égletons, Limousin around 1336. He succeeded Pope Urban V (1362–70) in 1370, and was pope until 1378. He was the seventh and last of the Avignon Popes.
Paolo Emilio Rondinini, born in 1617 to Alessandro Rondinini and Felice Zacchia, was a grand-nephew on his mother's side of Cardinal Paolo Emilio Zacchia and grandson of Cardinal Laudivio Zacchia.
Julian (Giuliano) Cesarini (Rome 1398 – Varna, Bulgaria, 10 November 1444) was one of the group of brilliant cardinals created by Pope Martin V on the conclusion of the Western Schism. His intellect and diplomacy made him a powerful agent first of the Council of Basel and then, after he broke with the Consiliar movement at Basel, of Papal superiority against the Conciliar movement. The French bishop Bossuet described Cesarini as the strongest bulwark that the Catholics could oppose to the Greeks in the Council of Florence.
Bartolus de Saxoferrato (Italian: Bartolo da Sassoferrato) (1313 – 13 July 1357) was an Italian law professor and one of the most prominent continental jurists of Medieval Roman Law. He belonged to the school known as the commentators or postglossators. The admiration of later generations of civil lawyers is shown by the adage nemo bonus íurista nisi bartolista — no one is a good jurist unless he is a Bartolist (i.e. a follower of Bartolus).
Pope Innocent VII (born probably in 1339 – died on November 6, 1406), born Cosimo de' Migliorati, was briefly Pope at Rome, from 1404 to his death, during the Western Schism (1378–1417) while there was a rival Pope, antipope Benedict XIII (1394–1423), at Avignon.
Pope Gregory XIV (11 February 1535 – 16 October 1591), born Niccolò Sfondrati, was Pope from 5 December 1590 until his death in 1591.
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