Muhammad Ayub Khan (Urdu: محمد ایوب خان; Bengali: মুহাম্মদ আইয়ুব খান; 14 May 1907 –19 April 1974), widely known as Ayub Khan, was the dictator of West and East Pakistan from 1958 to 1969. Khan assumed power through the 1958 Pakistani coup d'état, becoming the country's first Chief Martial Law Administrator. He served as the second President of Pakistan until a popular uprising brought down his regime in 1969.
Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi (Urdu: امیر عبداللہ خان نیازی; c. 1915 – 2 February 2004), was a former lieutenant-general in the Pakistan Army, served as the last governor and martial law administrator of East Pakistan and the last unified commander of the Eastern Military High Command of the Pakistan Armed Forces. Presided over East Pakistan for only two days, Niazi was responsible for the eastern contingent of the Pakistan Armed Forces during the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War and the Bangladesh Liberation War, jointly with Vice-Admiral Mohammad Shariff, Commander of Eastern Naval Command. General Niazi is still remembered as the "Jackal of Bengal" in Pakistan due to his surrender in East Pakistan. His awards were withdrawn and he was stripped of his honors.
Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan (Urdu: آغا محمد یحیی خان, Bengali: জেনারেল ইয়াহিয়া খান February 1917 – 10 August 1980), popularly known as Yahya Khan was a four-star general and statesman who served as the third President of Pakistan from 1969 until the fall of East-Pakistan as a follow-up to Pakistan's defeat in the war with India in 1971. Serving with distinction in World War II as a British Indian Army officer, Yahya opted for Pakistan in 1947 and held critical command assignments.
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