Patricia Campbell Hearst (born February 20, 1954), now known as Patricia Hearst-Shaw, is an American heiress from the Hearst publishing family, who was kidnapped in 1974 by a student-led group in Berkeley, California, campaigning for the release of black prisoners, and known as the Symbionese Liberation Army. Isolated and threatened with death, Hearst was brainwashed into supporting their cause, making propaganda announcements for them and taking part in illegal activities. Hearst was found 19 months after her kidnapping, by which time she was a fugitive wanted for serious crimes. Her conviction and long prison sentence were widely seen as unjust, but the procedural correctness of her trial was upheld by the courts. Her sentence was commuted by President Jimmy Carter, and she was later pardoned by President Bill Clinton.